The Kuiseb Delta vegetation comprises of Tamarisk Trees Tamarix usneoides, stunted vegetation and huge ‘Nara’ hummocks Acanthosicyos horrida with a backdrop of the red dune fields. Further upstream towards Rooibank fairly large Camelthorn Trees Acacia erioloba are also found. It is here that your guide will find the only true endemic of the country, the arid adapted Dune Lark.
Out of the 16 near-endemic birds of Namibia, the Dune Lark is the only true endemic. Fortunately, 90% of the population falls within protected areas, both national and private so there is no threat to their survival. This little lark is one of the most arid-adapted birds in the world. It lives at the base of the huge red dunes of the Namib where it is most active in the morning and late afternoon. Here you can find it running rapidly over the bare sand between patches of vegetation and dune grass. It scurries between the dunes searching for seeds and small insects on which it feeds. By mid-afternoon, the birds become quiet and take shelter in the shade of grass tufts on the dune edges.. Approximately 20 – 30% of the Dune Lark’s diet is invertebrates, ants, termites, grasshoppers, etc. This helps to metabolize enough water to survive as this species does not drink water. Besides this species, we may also see the coastal form of Tractrac Chat en route and in the river bed, there are several other species such as Bokmakierie, Black-chested Prinia, Ashy Tit, Chestnut-vented Tit Babbler, Yellow-bellied Eremomela, Cape Sparrow, Dusky Sunbird, Pale Chanting Goshawk, Rock Kestrel, Lanner Falcon and Black-chested Snake Eagle.
From the Kuiseb we travel to the Walvis Bay Lagoon and salt pans (proclaimed as a RAMSAR site) where depending on the time of the year you may see thousands of wetland species (over 100,000 birds in summer and less than 50,000 in winter) such as Curlew Sandpiper, Red Knot, Sanderlings, Little Stint, both Greater and Lesser Flamingos, Great White Pelican, various Gulls and Terns and with luck Terek Sandpiper, Great Sandplover, Red-necked Phalarope, Franklin’s Gull and European Oystercatcher may be seen in huge numbers. However, the best time to see most of the above-mentioned species is in our summer months from December to mid-April this is when most of the migrants have arrived to feed on the lagoon mudflats.
On a full-day excursion we will spend a short time at the sewerage works near Walvis Bay where large numbers of Common Moorhen, Hottentot Teal, Red-knobbed Coot and other wetland species may be found, we then travel to the Salt Pans near Swakopmund to look for any specials that may be around at the time before searching the surrounding desert plains to search for Gray’s Lark, Rufous-eared Warbler and Tractrac Chat.
If time remains, we can spend some time around the vegetated Swakop river and may encounter Orange River White-eye, Yellow-bellied Eremomela, Red-faced and White-backed Mousebird, Rufous-vented Tit Babbler, Rock Kestrel, Dusky Sunbird, Bokmakierie, Fiscal Shrike, Common Waxbill, Cape Sparrow, Black-Chested Prinia and with luck Peregrine Falcon.
The Key species for this trip are Dune Lark, Gray’s Lark, Orange River White-eye, Tractrac Chat and the only true Namibian endemic the Dune Lark. There have been 76 different species of birds, 14 mammals and many reptiles on this tour.